Indian Affairs | Traditional Ecological Knowledge
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Ecological Knowledge

"Traditional Ecological Knowledge is a cumulative body of knowledge and beliefs, handed down through generations by cultural transmission, about the relationship of living beings (including humans) with one another and with their environment...." - Fikret Berkes


While more modern technology and tools have their place, indigenous ecological knowledge is aggressively being reintroduced by tribal elders and community members to help teach and better understand the historic relationship between fire, the environment, and people. Through traditional stories told and performed by tribal elders, fire is being returned to a respected place in land management.

Traditional landscape fosters diversity and sustainability; supports edible and medicinal plants; and creates an environment that encourages spiritual involvement. By blending traditional ecological knowledge with a scientific approach, BIA fuels management is working alongside tribes to restore natural resources and culturally familiar landscapes.